Feel anxiety is unpleasant because we have to put an end to our exposure to a threat; but sometimes it becomes pathological. It will be healthy if helps us to solve the problem, or to prevent effectively and permanently, and that avoidance does not negatively affect other aspects of our life. It will be pathological if affects us in disproportionate way in its intensity or in other areas of our lives, because the fight to become the center of our life and let other activities that are most important to us.
There is anxiety and fear healthy, for example:
Fears that we preserve the heights, crossing a street full of cars, put your fingers into an electrical outlet, look us over a cliff, etc.
There are fears learned in the species, fears of ancestral as the fear of snakes, wolves, etc.
Fears of development (darkness, separation, night terrors, etc.). These are new situations to us we will face and overcome. Initially produce us fear and then no longer.
To decide when our anxiety is healthy or pathological, we can go to the following criteria:
Healthy if it helps us to solve the problem, or to prevent effectively and permanently.
Not solve the problem and be chronic,
We do not accept it.
Appears in a situation where it is not suitable (partner, friends, work,)
Another criterion of pathology is the intensity: symptoms of a panic attack
The problem arises when the emotions we can think in situations where neither the fight nor flight is appropriate behaviors. The lack of acceptance becomes an obstacle for our behavior. We’re giving away a few inappropriate responses of activation. Our thinking is accelerated, our tense muscles, breathing, our excitement is negative, but we don’t have to fight or flee.