Sweating is a natural thing that helps the body stay cool. We sweat more in warm temperatures, to exercise ourselves or in response to various situations such as fear, shame, anger or nerves. However, when sweating is uncontrollable and happens without such triggers, we speak of a case of hyperhidrosis.
Hyperhidrosis is manifested by excessive sweating and unpredictable, especially in hands, feet and armpits, even when the temperature is cool or when you are resting. Although this condition does not threaten health, can lead to emotional and psychological problems that negatively impact quality of life of sufferers.
There are two types of hyperhidrosis, focal hyperhidrosis, in which only some parts of the body are affected by the disease (usually face, hands and feet), and generalized hyperhidrosis, in which the whole body is affected by the condition .
Hyperhidrosis also classified as:
1) primary idiopathic hyperhidrosis. It occurs when there is no apparent cause for excessive sweating affects the hands, feet and armpits. This condition is transmitted genetically and is related to problems in the sympathetic nervous system. The suffering from a 2 to 3% of the population, yet less than 40% seek medical advice.
2) Secondary hyperhidrosis occurs as a result of another medical condition. The sweating may be whole body or be localized to a specific area. Some conditions that cause secondary hyperhidrosis are: Cancer, carcinoid syndrome, certain medications and substances of abuse, heart disease, lung disease, menopause, hyperthyroidism, spinal cord injury, stroke, tuberculosis or other infections.
Treatments for Hyperhidrosis
Currently there are several treatments that help control or reduce the amount of sweat produced under this condition. These treatments improve the quality of life of people with this anomaly, however, treatment will depend on what the condition is causing it.
The doctor may recommend some changes in lifestyle, to those with primary hyperhidrosis, such as avoiding alcohol and spicy foods, most commonly use antiperspirants, avoid wearing of nylon or too tight, always wear socks to absorb the sweat of the feet, avoid wearing synthetic footwear and opt for white or black clothing to disguise the stains caused by sweat.