TMJ is shorthand for temporomandibular joint, which is where the jaw meets the skull beneath the ear. That abbreviation is most often used to describe a painful disorder of that joint, which can also result in a clicking sound or pop every time the mouth is opened or closed.
This disorder can interfere with eating and talking, as well as trigger migraine headaches. Because the alignment of the jaw itself is affected by this disorder, tooth problems can result, which can lead to further problems down the road. This painful disorder can be caused by tooth grinding, trauma from surgery or injury and overextension of the jaw. Flairs can be caused by stress, excessive chewing and dental procedures.
If the discomfort lasts for more than a month at the most, surgical intervention, such as that offered by Central Maryland Oral Maxillofacial Surgery PA may be in order. When TMJ does not correct itself, there is good reason to believe there may be a physical disorder at fault, which could be remedied through surgery. Doctors at places like Central Maryland Oral Maxillofacial Surgery PA can help a patient determine the underlying causes of their pain and offer permanent solutions. Once the pain is alleviated, attendant problems, such as migraines, will also decrease in severity and frequency. Surgery may not be required in these cases, depending on the cause of the disorder. When a patient seeks help at institutions offering TMJ services like Central Maryland Oral Maxillofacial Surgery PA, they will first be assessed by the doctors employed there.
Through a physical examination and the individual’s medical history, the medical professionals will determine what caused the problems in the first place. Non-invasive treatments such as physical therapy, dietary adjustments and warm compresses may be suggested. Should these or other treatments not work, surgery will then be looked at. Although TMJ may usually be successfully treated with the non-surgical therapies, more invasive procedures are sometimes necessary. When they are, the doctors will then point out available options and go through the process of what they will do with the patient.
Once the surgery had been completed, staff and surgeons will offer advice about post-surgical care as well as any possible rehabilitative work needed. Patients may be referred to a physical therapist after the surgery to help make sure that there will be no reoccurrence of the pain and discomfort.