There are hundreds, if not thousands, of illnesses which can cause people to become ill, causing devastating effects. One of those illnesses is the disease known as HIV. Over the past 30 years HIV has become a global epidemic. Although HIV is one of the most deadly viruses known to man there are still a significant number of people that may not even know that they are infected with HIV.
For those whom are unsure about what HIV truly is, here are some HIV AIDS facts: HIV is a virus that weakens an infected person’s immune system, making that person susceptible to certain cancers and illnesses. It is spread by four modes of transmission, which are unprotected sexual contact with someone who has the virus, sharing of contaminated needles, a blood transfusion with infected blood, and mother to child transmission via pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding if the mother is HIV positive. It is estimated that over 30 million people, worldwide, have HIV and in the United States and the disease is most common in urban areas; the northeast and southeast have higher rates of HIV cases.
There are also behaviors in which the virus is not transmitted. HIV is not transmitted via coughing or sneezing. It is not transmitted by the act of hugging and kissing someone whom has the disease. Sharing eating utensils, such as a fork or drinking cup is not a route of HIV transmission and having contact with an infected person’s vomit, urine, sweat or feces does not lead to transmission.
For more information about HIV you can do your own research at most reputable sites located on the World Wide Web. You can also visit your health care provider and learn more about the HIV virus and ways that you can reduce your chances of contracting the virus.