Heart Disease: $ 95.6 billion
More than 80 million Americans have cardiovascular disease, which claims more than 860,000 lives a year. Heart disease is the U.S. health status more expensive, according to the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. To reduce the risk of complications of heart disease: maintain a healthy weight, eat well and exercise regularly. Do not smoke. Be sure to follow your doctor’s recommendations to control other risk factors such as high blood pressure and diabetes.
Injuries: $ 74.3 billion
Americans make 30 million to 40 million annual visits to hospital emergency injury. Traffic accidents are the most common form of severe trauma, causing 33,308 deaths in 2009. This figure has decreased due to the use of seat belt laws and anti-drunk driving, best wagons and better equipment of cars with airbags.
Cancer: $ 72.2 billion
More than 11.7 million Americans have some form of invasive cancer, and more than 560,000 die each year, so that cancer is the second leading cause of death. It is the third most expensive health condition after heart disease and trauma, according to the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. We reduce risk by eating healthy, exercising, taking recommended screening tests, and not smoking.
Mental: $ 72.1 billion
The demand for mental health care in the U.S. is increasing. More than 36 million people sought treatment in 2006, compared to 19 million in 1996. Overall, approximately 26% of adults suffer from mental disorders, including depression, in a given year.
Joint disorders: $ 57 billion
Not traumatic joint disorders including osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of arthritis, affecting over 50 million Americans. The risks increase with age and are the leading cause of knee and hip replacements. Weight loss can help reduce the risk of knee osteoarthritis, especially for women. Water exercises, such as swimming, are especially helpful in maintaining joint function.
COPD and asthma: $ 53.7 billion
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. COPD is the fourth leading cause of death in the U.S. More than 85% of COPD is due to smoking. Quitting smoking reduces your risk. One out of every 15 Americans suffer from asthma, over 20 million people. Genetics and environmental factors are important factors in the development of asthma.
Hypertension: $ 47.4 billion
More than 74.5 million adults have been diagnosed with hypertension, a major cause of heart disease. Minimize risks to maintain a healthy weight, reducing salt intake, and limiting alcohol. Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and foods rich in fiber.
Diabetes: $ 45.9 billion
Nearly 26 million Americans have diabetes. Nearly 27% are over 65. It is the seventh leading cause of death and the eighth U.S. health more expensive. Diabetes can lead to heart and kidney disease, blindness, amputations. Maintain a healthy weight with a balanced diet and exercise can reduce your risk of diabetes.
Hyperlipidemia: $ 38.6 billion
Lipids are fatty substances such as cholesterol and triglycerides accumulate in the bloodstream. High cholesterol can lead to narrowing of the arteries and contribute to heart disease and stroke. To help control cholesterol, choose foods with little or no saturated fat, such as products, low-fat dairy and lean meats, and exercise regularly. Talk to your doctor if you need other ways to control cholesterol.
Back problems: $ 35 billion
Almost everyone has back pain at some point, most often between the ages of 30 and 50. Many cases are the result of injury or trauma. Some cases reflect degenerative conditions such as arthritis. Other risk factors include obesity, smoking, stress, and improper body mechanics during work or exercise. To maintain the health of the back: no smoking, lose weight, and learn the proper techniques for lifting.
Normal delivery: $ 35 billion
More than 4.1 million babies born each year. Uncomplicated pregnancy and birth has a cost of $ 7,600 each. However, an estimated $ 2.5 billion a year is spent on unnecessary cesareans. C-sections should not take place before 39 weeks unless there is a clinical reason. Late preterm births (34-36 weeks) are at increased risk of medical problems, including death.