Stress: Definition – Types – Degrees – Adaptation
Stress is natural and automatic response of our body to the situations that are threatening or challenging. Our life and our environment, constantly changing, requires us to continually adjusted, so a certain amount of stress (activation) is required.
In general we tend to believe that stress is a result of circumstances beyond our control, when in fact we believe it is a process of interaction between environmental events and our responses cognitive, emotional and physical.
When the stress response continues or intensifies over time, our health, our academic or professional performance, and even our personal relationships or partner may be affected. The best way to prevent and cope with stress is recognizing when to raise our stress levels and to what stimuli or situations.
Many studies have considered the relationship between stress at work or professional stress and a variety of diseases. Mood swings and sleep, upset stomach, headache and altered relationships with family and friends are symptoms of stress-related problems that are commonly reflected in these investigations.
These early signs of job stress are easily recognizable. But the effects of occupational stress on chronic diseases are more difficult to diagnose because these diseases require long development period may be influenced by many factors other than stress.
However, a large number of evidence suggests that stress plays an important role in various types of chronic health problems, particularly cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal disorders and psychological disorders.
The continuing effect of adrenaline overload on the cardiovascular function generating a gradual hardening of the arteries, with a consequent increase in blood pressure.
This makes the heart function is further required, and closes the vicious circle. It is not only a cardiovascular level manifested evil. Psychologically, the effects of adrenergic excess produce reaching progressive irritability anger.
Prolonged stress suffer intensely or weakens the immune system, heart, damage memory cells in the brain and accumulation of fat in the arteries.
It is interesting to note that inherited genes, the type of children lived, the food incorporated into the daily diet, level of physical exercise, sleep patterns, social status and type of influence affective stress levels of each individual.