Diseases and disorders in the elderly
Third Age is a term used to refer to the population of elderly or old, at this stage of life, the body deteriorates, old age is synonymous with old age and old age. This group of people, retired about 65 years of age or older is a risk group in the crosshairs of some conditions and diseases, below are just some of the most common:
Arteriosclerosis of the Extremities: EES a syndrome characterized by the deposition and infiltration of lipid substances in the walls of arteries of medium caliber. Causing decreased blood flow and can cause damage to nerves and other tissues.
Irrigation problems in the extremities in atherosclerosis tend to occur earlier in the legs or feet and age is one of the most important risk factors.
The affected person begins to notice leg pain, tingling in the feet at rest, ulcers and even gangrene of the feet (the tissue “dies”, noticing visibly).
Osteoarthritis: affects more women than men, and from age 75, virtually all people have osteoarthritis in any joint. Ages, obesity, lack of exercise, are just some of the factors that predispose to suffer. It consists of articular cartilage degeneration over the years, resulting in limited mobility and joint pain with movement.
Treatment of osteoarthritis gets better mobility and reduces pain by NSAIDs, or steroid injection, as well as rehabilitation exercises. In cases of extreme gravity can recurred surgery, which consists of replacing the joints by artificial limbs.
Arthritis is inflammation of a joint characterized by pain, limited movement, swelling and local heat. It can be caused by many diseases and syndromes, for microcrystals (suffering from gout), neuropathic (nerve damage), rheumatoid (multifactorial), infectious (bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic), systemic (of coetaneous origin, tract, neuropathic …), reactive (multiple factors), etc. Is found to last 40 years, in films, except there has been no sign …
Alzheimer’s: Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease of central nervous system is the leading cause of dementia in people over 60 years. It is characterized by progressive loss of memory and other mental abilities, as nerve cells die and different areas of the brain atrophy. The causes are unknown, although genetic factors known to be involved.
Unfortunately, Alzheimer’s remains incurable, but the scientific community is optimistic about finding a cure in the short term.
Parkinson: Parkinson’s is a neurodegenerative disease that occurs in the brain, the loss of neurons in the substantial nigra brain. The main risk factor for Parkinson’s is age. It affects more than 65,000 Spanish and its incidence is increasing.
Benign prostatic hypertrophy: Consists of excessive growth in the size of the prostate due to growth in cell size. It is very common in men from age 60. For diagnotion is frequent the “prostate biopsy” and renal touch (feel the prostate through the rectum), which can also detect symptoms of cancer.
Often results in voiding symptoms: increased frequency urination, irritation and obstruction, which may be complicated urinary tract infections, kidney stones, etc. For treatment, patients should reduce fluid intake before bedtime and moderate consumption of alcohol and caffeine. In extreme cases you have to intervene surgically (prostatectomy).
Flu: It’s a disease “common” that lasts from 3 to 7 days, but older people can have complications that often require hospitalization for respiratory problems. That is why the health authorities advise seniors (age 65 years), risk group get vaccinated each year against influenza. The flu vaccine produces antibodies against the virus. And another very effective weapon against the flu is prevention, especially against the cold.
Malnutrition: Often overlooked nutritional problems of the elderly, which can have serious complications such as dehydration, anemia, vitamin deficiency (B12, C, thiamine …), folate deficiency, potassium imbalance , anorexia, atrophic gastritis.
Cognitive impairment can be caused by many non-nutritional factors is easy to overlook potential nutritional causes such as dehydration, imbalance of potassium, iron deficiency anemia and deficits of many water-soluble vitamins.
In these cases, if it thinks fit specialist, you can use vitamin and mineral supplements, but above all, a diet high in protein and nutrients is essential to prevent potential problems of nutrition arrival adulthood could lead to irreversible problems.
Dizziness in the Elderly: Many of those over 60, go to the doctor because of unexplained dizziness or vertigo. Are also common losses of balance and other sensations of numbness?
It is important that a doctor who determined the severity of our situation. In all cases, the specialist determined with a physical examination of possible reasons.
Deafness: Often, hearing deficits are considered “normal” in the elderly, and while it is proper to wear age in our abilities, you should always put solution, accurate diagnostic tests and if necessary, with the help of a hearing aid that amplifies the sound signal helping to partially recover our hearing.
High blood pressure: Blood pressure is the force with which the heart pumps blood against artery walls. Hypertension usually has no symptoms but can cause serious problems like heart failure, stroke, heart attack and kidney failure. It is we ourselves control our blood pressure measurement in addition to carrying a healthy lifestyle.
Vision Problems: With adulthood is very common that our view is losing power. That is why it is advisable for the elderly an eye examination once a year to detect the most common vision problems and specific treatment. Vision problems more common in older people are myopia, presbyopia, cataracts, macular degeneration, glaucoma, eye strain….
Intermittent claudicating: is a disorder that occurs as a result of progressive obstruction of the arteries that nourish the extremities. The walls of injured arteries, called “plaques”, which is getting bigger hindering the proper blood supply and causing the muscles produce lactic acid. Characterized by the appearance of severe muscle pain in the lower extremities in the calf or thigh, which usually occurs when walking or physical exercise and relieved by stopping activity. Seen most often in men than in women, usually in patients over 60 years.
Senile Dementia: Dementia is the progressive loss of cognitive function due to damage or brain disorders that do not respond to normal aging. It manifests itself with problems in the areas of memory, attention, space-time orientation or identity and problem solving.
The first symptoms are personality changes, behavioral, difficulties in comprehension, motor skills and even delusions. Sometimes you also get to show psychotic or depressive traits. Some types of dementia are Alzheimer’s, dementia frontotemporal as Pick’s disease, vascular dementia, multi-infarct dementia (arteriosclerotic dementia), Binswanger’s disease, Lewy Body Dementia …
Osteopororis: Osteoporosis is a disease in which decreases the amount of mineral in bone, losing the strength of trabecular and cortical area reduced by a defect in the absorption of calcium, becoming brittle and susceptible to fractures.
It is common especially in women after menopause due to hormonal deficiencies, calcium and vitamins from malnutrition, so that an extra intake of calcium and exercise training before menopause encourage prevention. To stop osteoporosis should be in the hands of a professional to determine what habits of our life we promote. The exercises and gymnastics for the elderly are a way to fight osteoporosis leading a healthy life.
Cerebrovascular Accident (Stroke): A cerebrovascular disease affecting the blood vessels that supply blood to the brain. It occurs when a blood vessel that carries blood to the brain bursts or is clogged by a clot or other particle, which causes part of the brain does not get the needed blood flow, keeping the area without irrigation, so it can not function and die within a few minutes, leaving the area of the body paralyzed “directed” by that part of the brain.
One major factor that multiplies the risk of cancer is age. After 55 years, every decade lived doubles the risk of suffering a stroke.